Data security protects digital and physical information from loss and access by unauthorized people. It is a necessity for every business as it ensures that personal information is accessible to authorized users, and is confidential, secure, and intact. It also helps to in preventing the loss or compromising of sensitive information in the event of an attack from cyberspace. A solid data security program is a blend of tools that will ensure these six fundamental best practices:
Authentication is the most important aspect of any security plan for data. When your data is in transit or at rest, you need to verify that only authorized users have access using credentials, such as encryption keys or passwords or other methods of authentication, such as multi-factor identification (MFA) which requires the user has to provide more than one type of proof.
The company should be able to track the data it uses and be aware of when sensitive data is in a particular condition, such as “at rest”, “in transit” or “in use”.
As data accumulation increases, it can be difficult for organizations to keep up with all the sensitive data they have. This is why it’s vital to adhere to the principle of least privilege, which requires that users be given only the information they require for their job. By reducing permissions to the minimum, you can improve your overall security and reduce storage and bandwidth costs. Finally your data usage policy should outline the manner in which data is utilized and determine the consequences for any violation.